Instruction to the authors

IJBR Accepts Manuscript Under The Following Categories
Submission Of Manuscript
Manuscripts Should Be Arranged Into The Following Sections
Title Page
Abstracts
KeywordsIntroduction
Materials & Methods 
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgements
Reference
Illustrations
Publication Charges

IJBR ACCEPTS MANUSCRIPT UNDER THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES

  • Original Research Articles
  • Review Articles
  • Short communications
  • Invited articles
  • Case reports
  • Letters to Editor Go to Top

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
  • Authors should submit electronic version (Microsoft Word doc) of the manuscript to the editor through online submission only. A hard copy of the same should be posted to the Executive editor at the following address, with all the requested documents.
    Postal address:
    The Executive Editor,
    IJBR, BRT Publishers, Biozone Research Technologies Pvt.Ltd.,
    No: 2/54, Poes Road,
    Teynampet, Chennai - 600 018,
    Tamil Nadu, India.

  • No emails will be accepted. Please contact the executive editor at ijbr.brt@gmail.com in the event of technical difficulties.
  • Manuscript should be single-spaced throughout, including tables, graphs and figures. 
  • Manuscript should be on A4 size with 1.5 cm margins on all sides. Prepare the manuscript in Calibri font using a font size of 12. Title shall be in a font size 14, bold face capitals. All headings in the manuscript shall be in font size 12, bold face capitals. Subheading in each section shall be in font size 12, bold face lower case. Italic font style should not be used in the main text (Except Latin names or wherever applicable). Page number should appear in the lower left hand corner of each page, beginning with the title page.
  • Standard International Units could be used throughout the text.
  • Authors should keep their manuscripts as short as they reasonably can.
  • The language of manuscript should be in English - simple and explicit.
  • Author’s / Co-author’s name or any other identification should not appear anywhere in the body of the manuscript to facilitate blind review.
  • Manuscripts should be saved in the name of the first author during submission.
  • Submitted papers will be acknowledged on the same day of submission and processed further.
  • Acceptance or rejection of the manuscript would be decided after the decision of editorial team and would be informed to corresponding author within two weeks from the time of submission.
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MANUSCRIPTS SHOULD BE ARRANGED INTO THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS
    • Title page
    • Author(s)
    • Address
    • Abstract and key words
    • Introduction
    • Materials and Methods
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
    • Tables
    • Figures
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TITLE PAGE  
    • Title must be brief and comprehensively represent the findings and description as written in the abstracts. Must be informative, specific and short.  Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract and limit their use in text.
    • Complete Author names (with expansions of initials, if any).
    • Affiliation of each author, the author for correspondence & author for reprints must be identified.  The e-mail ID of the corresponding author must also be provided.
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ABSTRACT
As a summary of not more than 250 words, abstracts should be concise, informative and factual in content rather than indicative. Abstract must present the reason of the study (aims & ideas), the main findings and principal conclusions. The conclusions and recommendations not found in the text of the article should not be given in the abstract. Emphasis may be made on new and important aspects of the study or may highlight some important observations. Only approved abbreviations should be used. No abbreviations or references should be cited in the abstract. (Expanded forms of abbreviations should be given in the text where it is mentioned first.) Go to Top

KEYWORDS 
To identify the most important subjects covered by the article, this will help readers or indexing agencies in cross-indexing the study (3-5 keyword max.).  Authors should not break of or hyphenate words. The words found in title need not be given as key words.
INTRODUCTION
A concise account or a preview is required from the background of the subject, its significance and its relationships to earlier works clarified with pertinent references. Clearly state the purpose of the article. Do not review the literature extensively but provide the most recent work that has a direct bearing on the subject. The purpose of the study should be stated at the end. It should not exceed 500 words.


MATERIALS & METHODS 
The section of experimental in full length papers should include concise details on the methodology adopted; sufficiently elaborate to repeat the experiment. Data must be adequate and experimental design should be proper and accurate. If a procedure is a commonly used one, giving a reference (previously published) would suffice. If a method is not well known (though previously published) it is better to describe it briefly. Give explicit descriptions of modifications or new methods so that the readers can judge their accuracy, reproducibility and reliability. The nomenclature, the source of material and equipment used, with details of the manufacturers in parentheses, should be clearly mentioned. All physical and Spectral data should be reported. Method of Analysis should be validated. Experiments on human subjects are to be done in accordance with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) protocol or approved by an Institutional Ethical Committee. For the care and use of laboratory animals, the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Government of India and OECD notified guidelines should be strictly followed.

All possible effort must be made to give mechanism of reactions. Use System International (SI) Measurements. Cite instruments details e.g. UV, IR, NMR, MS etc. with model, company, place etc. at appropriate place (if any).

Drugs and chemicals should be precisely identified using their non-proprietary names or generic names. If necessary, the proprietary or commercial name may be inserted once in parentheses. In case of pharmaceuticals, the first letter of the drug name should be small for generic name (e.g., dipyridamole, propranolol) but capitalized for proprietary names (e.g., Persantin, Inderal). The number of subjects, the number of groups studied, the study design, sources of drugs with dosage regimen or instruments used, statistical methods and ethical aspects must be mentioned under the section.

In case of work related to plant materials, a sample of the authentic materials is to be deposited at any one of the designated institutions and their accession number or a reference of the same be quoted in the manuscript. The methodology - the data collection procedure - must be described in sufficient detail. Rationale for selection of certain solvent extracts of herbs/plants along with characterization (by way of spot tests, TLC pattern etc.) of such extracts evaluated for any activity should form part of manuscript. Use of positive and negative controls in experiments should be highlighted.


RESULTS
The results should be stated concisely without comments. It should be presented in logical sequence in the text with appropriate reference to tables and/or figures. The data given in tables or figures should not be repeated in the text. The same data should not be presented in both tabular and graphic forms. Simple data may be given in the text itself instead of figures or tables. Result must be precise and comprehensive. Avoid discussions and conclusions in the results section.
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DISCUSSION

This section should deal with the interpretation, rather than recapitulation of results and repetition of information from introduction. It should contain a critical review of the results of the study with the support of relevant literature. It is important to discuss the new and significant observations in the light of previous work. New hypotheses or recommendations can be put forth. Avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. Conclusions must be drawn considering the strengths and weaknesses of the study. They must be conveyed in the last paragraph under discussion. Make sure conclusions drawn should tally with the objectives stated under introduction. Results and discussion can be combined.  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Acknowledge persons who have contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support. Sources of financial support in the form of grants, equipments, drugs as gifts samples may be included. Authors must state clearly the name and affiliation of the expert (for botanical verification) who has authenticated the plant material, or botanical specimen.
REFERENCE 
References should be in Harvard style and numbered consecutively in alphabetical order, not in the order of occurrence. Avoid using abstracts as references and do not cite any references in discussion and conclusion section. Papers which have been submitted and accepted but not yet published may be included in the list of references with the name of the journal and indicated as “In press”. A photocopy of the acceptance letter should be submitted with the manuscript. Information from manuscript “submitted” but “not yet accepted” should not be included. The “unpublished observations” and “personal communications” may not be used as references but may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text. The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.
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The commonly cited types of references are shown here:

Journal Articles
    Reference list Huffman, LM 1996, ‘Processing whey protein for use as a food
    ingredient’, Food Technology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 49-52
    In-text citation Huffman (1996) expanded on the theory …
    OR … uses for whey protein (Huffman 1996)

Thesis
    Reference list Exelby, HRA 1997, ‘Aspects of gold and mineral liberation’, PhD thesis, University of Queensland, Brisbane.
    The title is not italicised and is placed in quotation marks
    In-text citation Exelby (1997) described the process …
    OR … processing gold (Exelby 1997)
 
Books

       Reference list

    Single author:
    Berkman, RI 1994, Find It fast: how to uncover expert information on any subject, HarperPerennial, New York.
    Three authors:
    Reid, DH, Parsons, MB & Green, CW 1989, Staff management in human services: behavioral research and application, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield.
    No authors:
    Be, know, do: leadership the Army way 2004, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

     

      In-text citation

    Single author:
    Sophisticated searching techniques are important in finding information ( Berkman 1994)
    OR
    Berkman (1994, p. 25) claimed that …
    OR
    Berkman (1994, pp. 30-35) agrees that
    Three authors:
    … as previously demonstrated (Reid, Parsons & Green 1989
    No authors:
    ….already mentioned (Be, know, do: leadership the Army way 2004).
    OR
    In Be, know, do: leadership the Army way (2004) there is an interesting exampl


Conference paper
     Reference list Published Conference Paper:
    Bourassa, S 1999, ‘Effects of child care on young children’, Proceedings of the third annual meeting of the International Society for Child Psychology, International Society for Child Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 44-6.
    Unpublished Conference Paper:
    Bowden, FJ & Fairley, CK 1996, ‘Endemic STDs in the Northern Territory: estimations of effective rates of partner change’, paper presented to the scientific meeting of the Royal Australian College of Physicians, Darwin, 24-25 June.
    In-text citation Published Conference Paper:
    Bourassa (1999) emphasized
    Unpublished Conference Paper:  
    … estimating partner change (Bowden and Fairley 1996)

Newspaper article
     Reference list Wentworth, WC 1984, ‘Why we need a permanent base on the moon’, Sydney Morning Herald, 24 January, p. 11, viewed 3 April 2009, Sydney Morning Herald Archives database.
    Note: If authorship is unknown a reference list entry is not required, however more detail is required for the in-text citation e.g. (Sydney Morning Herald 24 January 2009, p. 5) 
    When citing a newspaper title frequently it can be abbreviated e.g. SMH
     In-text citation Wentworth (1984) stated that…
    OR ….and this demonstrates the need for a permanent base (Wentworth 1984)

Patent
     Reference list Cookson, AH 1985, Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent 4554399
    In-text citation … gas insulated transmission systems (Cookson 1985)
 
Tables, images or diagrams

    Reference list

    Newton, AC 2007, Forest ecology and conservation: a handbook of techniques, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    In-text citation

    (Newton 2007) References are placed directly under the table, diagram or image

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ILLUSTRATIONS

Tables - Should be typed on separate sheets of paper. Only MS word table format (With rows and columns visible) should be used for preparing tables. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and bear a brief title in capital letters normal face. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the column headings. It is essential that all tables have legends, which explain the contents of the table.

Figures - Should be on separate pages but not inserted with in the text. Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and bear a brief title in lower case bold face letters below the figure. As far as possible, please avoid diagrams made on white drawing paper, cellophane sheet or tracing paper with hand written captions or titles. In case of photomicrographs, magnification should be mentioned either directly on them or in the legend. Symbols, arrows or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background.Go to Top


PUBLICATION CHARGES
For the articles or papers which authors submit for publication in IJBR, they would not be charged any submission fees. Only on acceptance of the manuscript after peer review, corresponding authors will have to pay the manuscript charge for which a mail regarding the payment details and mode of payment will be communicated to the authors by executive editor of the Journal. Charges for processing a manuscript falls under two category as follows:

CATEGORY

DURATION FOR PROCESSING

COST in INR

COST in USD

GENERAL 2 MONTHS 2500 50
FAST TRACK 3 WEEKS 4500 80

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